2. What policy did Great Britain, France, and the United States pursue against the new regimes in Germany, Italy, and Japan in the 1930s? (1 point)
3. During the mid-1930s, President Roosevelt realized that most Americans (1 point)
opposed U.S. intervention in the problems of Europe.
were eager for the United States to solve Europe’s problems.
were more concerned with the war than with U.S. domestic affairs.
supported the aims of the Axis Powers.
4. What was Congress’s purpose in passing the Lend-Lease Act? (1 point)
to lease U-boats from Germany and then lend them to Britain
to charge Britain more for U.S. weapons than Britain could afford
to provide equal amounts of aid to Britain and Germany
to provide Britain with the aid it needed but could not afford
5. Japan decided to attack Pearl Harbor because (1 point)
the United States had begun to establish air bases in Indochina.
the United States had declared war on Japan.
the United States firmly opposed Japanese expansion.
Germany and Italy had refused to sign the Tripartite Act.
6. What is one way American women mobilized for the war effort? (1 point)
They joined the U.S. Army, Navy, and Coast Guard auxiliaries.
They flew more than 500 combat missions in fighter planes.
They served as Navajo Code Talkers in the war in the Pacific.
They fought in the island-hopping campaign in the Pacific.
7. Why were thousands of Japanese Americans forced to leave their homes and live in internment camps for the duration of World War II? (1 point)
They refused to take loyalty pledges to the American government.
President Roosevelt ordered people of Japanese ancestry to be moved from the West Coast and put in internment camps.
Many Japanese Americans were secretly spying for the Japanese government.
The United States forced all descendants of Axis Power immigrants to be interned, including Germans and Italians.
8. Why did the Allies pursue a “Europe First” strategy? (1 point)
They believed that Japan posed little threat to their interests.
They considered Germany to be their most dangerous enemy.
They felt that Japan would soon seek peace if it was not attacked.
They believed victory in Europe would be quick and easy.
9. In the most important naval battle of World War II, the United States (1 point)
claimed a decisive victory in Operation Sea Lion.
decisively defeated the Japanese in the Battle of Midway.
suffered its first major defeat since the Battle of Coral Sea.
lost to the more powerful Japanese forces on Guadalcanal.
10. What was one long-term effect of the bracero program? (1 point)
It initiated decades of migratory labor in western states.
It kept southern states from losing their rural populations.
It encouraged African Americans to fight military segregation.
It led to the Zoot Suit Riots in Los Angeles.
11. In what way did Americans’ lives change during World War II? (1 point)
Congress reduced taxes on working Americans to boost morale.
The government relaxed controls on wages and prices.
Americans found it easier than ever to buy consumer goods.
Some goods were rationed to free up resources for war production.
12. President Truman decided to use the atomic bomb against Japan (1 point)
to prolong the war.
to save American lives.
to test the bomb.
to prove an ethical point.
13. What was the goal of Hitler’s “Final Solution”? (1 point)
a military victory over the Soviets that would ensure a supply of oil
the unification of all Germanic people into the Third Reich
the extermination of all Jews in areas controlled by Germany
the elimination of all socialist and communist regimes in Europe
14. Shortly after World War II, (1 point)
European countries resumed their competition for colonies.
Great Britain and the Soviet Union emerged as superpowers.
leading Nazis were put on trial for their actions during the war.
the countries of Eastern Europe became strong democracies.
15. What did many Americans realize about the United States as a result of World War II? (1 point)
Only a return to U.S. isolationism could prevent future conflicts.
U.S. prosperity hinged on world peace and economic development.
The war had badly damaged America’s position in the world.
U.S. support for the United Nations would likely trigger a new war.
16. In 1946, Winston Churchill used the term iron curtain to refer to the (1 point)
heavily fortified border between Poland and the Soviet Union.
boundary between Western Europe and communist Eastern Europe.
border between Eastern Europe and the communist Soviet Union.
boundary separating Eastern Europe from East Germany.
17. The Korean War began when (1 point)
Soviet forces attacked North Korea.
North Korean forces invaded South Korea.
U.S. forces attacked North Korea.
Chinese forces invaded South Korea.